Scientific Advances, Ethical & Moral

Task 3 – P4

Example Scientific develop Benefits Moral issues
Turning water into fuel Use electricity to break water into hydrogen and oxygen, store it in separate tanks, then recombine the gases in a fuel cell when we need power The process of hydrolysis is easy and simple to break down hydrogen for the car fuel. It takes a lot of energy to break water into hydrogen and oxygen which could cost a lot of money.
Medical benefits of silver Silver contains strong antimicrobial properties and able to turn normal antibiotics into antibiotics on steroids. Silver uses many chemical processes to stop bacteria from forming bonds, slow their metabolic rates and disrupt homeostasis. Using silver may have potentially toxic side effects on its users.
Human Cloning Scientists take an unfertilized egg cell and remove the DNA in the nucleus, keeping its mitochondrial DNA intact. Then take an adult skin cell and extract the DNA and insert it in the place of the egg’s original nucleus. Human cloning technology could be used to treat heart attack by cloning healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the heart that have been damaged. Some people might criticized the claim that human cloning would diminish the value we place on, our respect for, human life, because it would lead to persons being viewed as replaceable.
Abortion An abortion is the medical process of ending a pregnancy before the birth of a baby. Medical abortion allows women to have the freedom of choice. Some religious people think that all human life is sacred, that life begins at conception, so abortion is wrong.
Animal testing Scientists use animals in research to study how human and animal bodies work and test medicines and chemicals. Animal experiments are widely used to develop new medicines and to test the safety of other products. Many experiments cause pain to the animals involved or reduce their quality of life in other ways.


Task 3 – M3 & D3

Abortion has become controversial issue, provoking strong reactions both ‘for’ and ‘against’. A thousand of women die every year because they were unable to access safe abortion and protect themselves from infections. Some women who don’t realise that they are pregnant. They seek abortion services and obtain abortion because of their health, economic, social or other personal circumstance. Maybe some of them seek them because they have experienced sexual assault or rape. Medical abortion allows women to have the freedom of choice and helps to avoid situations where unwanted children are neglected or abused by people who are in no position to be parents. Nonetheless, the pregnant woman has the right of life, where not aborting the foetus would put the mother’s life or health in danger, so she has the moral right to abort the foetus.

However, some religious people think that all human life is sacred, that life begins at conception, so abortion is always wrong. While people would argue that no one has the right to decide baby’s life. Abortion punishes the unborn child who committed no crime. And from the medical’s perspective, some doctors and nurses feel that their job is to save life, not to destroy it by carrying out abortions.

Some moral philosophers might argue that full consciousness begins only after birth or even later, so foetus and infant is not full human beings with human rights. And some people believe that abortion deserves no condemnation because of the difficulty of deciding  at what stage a foetus becomes a being with the right to life.

As a result, adoption of the unwanted baby might be the best solution in some cases. Or some women might decide that she cannot offer her child a life worth living and abortion might be better choice. People need to consider the long-term effects as well as the immediate ones. It is not an easy decision, and requiring an abortion is a situation that most women would prefer to avoid.